Can a rat beat a cat?
Rat Attack! is an arcade-style puzzle game for the Nintendo 64 and PlayStation. It was first released on the PlayStation in 1999, and later on the Nintendo 64 in 2000. Its theme is that of a group of Scratch Cats stopping a rat invasion. It received mixed reviews after its several years in development.  The game was slightly altered for its Nintendo 64 release, switching out one of the characters and changing one series of levels. 
- NA: 28 September 1999 
- EU: 15 October 1999
- NA: 12 September 2000 
- PAL: 21 April 2000 
A pair of lab rats, Washington and Jefferson, were sent into space aboard a rocket in an experiment. However, after some incident in space, the rats had been mutated and gained super-intelligence. Over forty years on, they have returned to earth and immediately commenced with plans for world domination, amassing a huge army of rats with instructions to destroy everything in sight.
The felines of the world band together to combat this menace forming a group called the ‘Scratch Cats’. Headed by cat genius Professor Rex Julius, they fight off these rats with several of his inventions which eliminate the rats in a humane way.
Professor Rex Julius sent his special agent Pearl to investigate, but Washington and Jefferson managed to capture her, imprisoning her within a laser cage guarded by giant robots.
They go from location to location, cleaning up the rats. Along the way, they meet another mysterious cat in the clutches of King Scarab.
At the end of the game, with all the areas saved from the ravaging rat army, the Scratch Cats manage to defeat Washington and Jefferson in a showdown in their space base. However, the duo manage to escape after their defeat, Julius afterwards revealing that they also taken King Scarab with them.
Top: PlayStation version, showing Banubis in the «Factory» area.
Bottom: Nintendo 64 version, showing Atomicat in the «Temple» area. Both locations in the same room only items and the room’s textures are different.
In single-player mode a single Scratch Cat enters a room, from its walls pours an endless supply of rats. The player must catch and eliminate a certain number of these before a door will appear taking them to the next room. Each area has several rooms, in its particular theme.
The object of the game is to clear each level of the allotted number of rats and continue on to the next room. The player uses a loop-like lasso called an ‘Eraticator’ to catch the rats. With them trapped the player then must take the rats to the ‘Destructor Pad’, located in each of the rat-filled rooms, to dispose of them. If the player is bumped by a rat or other damaging item in the room, the rats can escape the trap until they’ve been eliminated by the ‘Destructor’.
At the end of each level, the player receives bonuses reflecting how well they had done. Such as receiving «Damage Bonuses» for how much the room got damaged (the less damage, the higher points), time bonuses (the less time taken, the higher the bonus), and perfect bonuses (if none of the items in the room got destroyed, the player obtains these points.)
In most of the rooms, various power-ups will occasionally appear to help the player, they can also be found in treasure chests, which require eliminating a certain number of rats at the same time. These power-ups allow such things as, some of the damage done by the rats to be reversed, allowing the player to avoid taking damage for a short time or get back one energy that they lost. Other effects are making the player able to grow large and stomp on the rats, to run much faster, or make the lasso bigger. There is also bate to attract the rats to one location. Besides these power-ups, there are also power-downs, that are released by the rats when they destroy a box or other things. Resulting in the players controls being reversed, rats being ejected out of their trap, or slowing down, and other such features.
Later gameplay also introduces things like switches, fans, laser beams, and teleporters. Thus, adding puzzle elements to the game. Requiring the player to figure out how to use the various devices before the items in the room get destroyed.
The rats themselves can hurt the player if they touch them. They can also jump out the lasso if not stunned by a claw swipe or other type of attack. They can climb up large walls, and be duplicated by a ‘Rat Copier’. A special white rat is in several rooms, these have the purpose of only getting to a Mutation Pad and then transforming into a monstrous rat that hunts down the player.
At the end of each area, there is a boss that the player must defeat. However, the Scratch Cats can’t harm the bosses directly. The player must figure out how to harm the boss, in most cases by using their attack against them.
In multiplayer mode the gameplay is almost identical, but with a few additions such as a ‘Gold Rat’ worth more points, and a few additional power-ups/downs. The players can also choose a special mode which allows them to go after rats of their own color.
Each cat has different abilities when the game starts, as well as their own special attack which can be used if they get a certain number of ‘Cat Coins’. The Scratch Cats are made up of the following members: 
- Professor Rex Julius — The genius behind it all, who organized the society, and provided the agents with the gadgets. He’s brown, and looked a bit like Albert Einstein with a lab coat and mustache.
- Newton — Newton is Rex Julius’s trusty robotic cat sidekick, who is used to deliver Rex Julius’s mission briefings throughout the game. He’s small and yellow (looking a bit like a cat potato head.)
- Hi-Jinx — A Siamese Cat that wears a Ying-Yang symbol on his head, a belt around his body and wields twin Katanas (although only used them for his special attack,) he likes making origamis.
- Sparky — Sparky is a young, English magician cat. He’s dark blue with lighter blue ears, and a crescent moon shaped pendant.
- Manx — Manx is a striped yellow and orange manx cat, who has grown up in the Bronx. He’s impatient and aggressive, with scars on his left eye and wears an earring on his right ear.
- Muffy DuPont — Muffy is a French cat, who is white with a black mask and tummy. She has a heart shaped pendant. Her owner is a burglar, and she had committed some robberies herself.
- Bob Cat — Bob Cat is an English Boxing cat. He’s grey, wears red shorts and wears bandages wrapped around his paws.
- Smokey — Smokey is a Swiss cat, who is grey and wears goggles, a crazy suit, and carries a laser gun.
- Pearl — Pearl is the kidnapped special agent, who is blue with a yellow top and wears roller skates, making her the fastest character. She is an unlockable character, and can be obtained on normal or hard mode after defeating the boss at the Factory/Temple.
- Banubis/Atomicat — Banubis is an Ancient Egyptian cat, who is orange with a Pharaoh headdress. He appears in the PlayStation version. Atomicat — is a radioactive cat wearing sunglasses, his body glows in strips that move up and down his body. He is in the Nintendo 64 version. Both characters replace each other in their respective editions of the game, they are an unlockable character obtained on normal or hard mode after defeating King Scarab at the Museum.
The game took several years to be fully developed.  During this time it was given different temporary names such as «Rat», «Cats & Rats», before finally settling on Rat Attack.  While the game was still in development, early versions of the game were sent to news media resulting in early development screenshots, of levels not included in the game.  
A series of six animated Flash videos were also produced, each telling the story of one of the ‘Scratch Cats’.  Then shortly before its release another early development version of the game was released as a demo for the Official UK PlayStation Magazine. 
|GameRankings||60.50%(N64)  |
|Computer and Video Games||(PS1) |
|GameRevolution||B− (PS1) |
|GameSpot||2.7/10 (PS1) |
5.5/10 (N64) 
|N64 Magazine||70% (N64) |
|Official Nintendo Magazine||82% (N64) |
|Absolute PlayStation||72% (PS1) |
|Electric Playground||5 out of 10 |
Rat Attack received mostly mixed reviews. N64 Magazine said that it was «Simple, well executed puzzle-em-up, with cats trying to catch rats.»  Nintendo Official Magazine called it «fast, frantic fun with a great sense of humour.» Fran Mirabella III from IGN.com described the gameplay and premise of catching rats and disposing of them as being similar to Ghostbusters. While reviewing the N64 version of the game, compared the camera view of the game has to a yo-yo, in that «the camera hangs overhead bobbing and swinging about.» He also criticized the games music short music clips for each level, saying: «The composers must have literally created about 25 seconds of MIDI audio and looped it.» The graphics he described as «character models suck badly», and «Even the title screen has a horrible eye-burning font and sloppy art.»  In a review for Allgame.com, Span Bennet examines the PlayStation version with more affection saying «The ’50s decor and vivid color give Rat Attack a unique look that only adds to its appeal.» concluding that, «It is a game with a unique look and feel, coupled with sound and playability that are top notch.»  Max Everingham, of IGN, gave the game a mostly positive review with the exception of the Multiplayer mode saying that it becomes «Incredibly frustrating trying to work out where you actually are on the screen. (Each player can independently zoom the camera in to focus on one area of the screen, but this just confuses things further)».  Jeff Gerstmann of GameSpot summed up the game with the following; «Rat Attack is an extremely forgettable title that isn’t worth a first look, let alone a second one.» 
- ^«Mindscape Ships Rat Attack». web.archive.org. 2000-02-03 . Retrieved 2023-04-06 .
- ^ abcd
- Fran Mirabella III (14 September 2000). «Rat Attack: Review Nintendo 64». IGN. IGN Entertainment, Inc . Retrieved 9 June 2012 .
- Fuska Staff. «Rat Attack: PAL region release information, Nintendo 64». Fuska.nu. Fuska.nu . Retrieved 9 June 2012 .
- «Nintendo Official Magazine» (78). EMAP International Ltd. March 1999: 90. > : Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
- ^ ab
- «Rat Attack: Scratch Cats: Episode 1: Bob Cat’s Story». Animated short, flash video. Sony Computer Entertainment Europe . Retrieved 9 June 2012 .
- IGN staff (27 March 1998). «Mindscape Gives Rats a Name». IGN. IGN Entertainment, Inc . Retrieved 9 June 2012 .
- IGN staff. «Rat Attack:Images». IGN. IGN Entertainment, Inc. Archived from the original on December 21, 2016 . Retrieved 9 June 2012 .
- IGN staff. «Rat Attack:Images». IGN. IGN Entertainment, Inc. Archived from the original on December 21, 2016 . Retrieved 9 June 2012 .
- «Official UK PlayStation Magazine» (49). Future Publishing. September 1999. > : Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
- Scott, Dean (December 1999). «Rat Attack». Computer and Video Games. No. 217. p. 72.
- Game Revolution. «Rat Attack: Review. PlayStation». Game Revolution. AtomicOnline, LLC . Retrieved 9 June 2012 .
- ^ ab
- Jeff Gerstmann. «Rat Attack — Review and Statistical ratings of PlayStation». GameSpot. CBS Interactive Inc . Retrieved 9 June 2012 .
- IGN staff. «Rat Attack — Statistical ratings». IGN. IGN Entertainment, Inc . Retrieved 9 June 2012 .
- ^ ab
- Bickham, Jes (December 2000). «Rat Attack». N64 Magazine. No. 48. p. 102 . Retrieved 19 February 2022 .
- «Nintendo Official Magazine» (96). EMAP International Ltd. September 2000: 40. > : Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
- «64 Magazine» (48). Paragon Publishing Ltd. December 2000: 96. > : Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
- Martin B Staff. «Rat Attack: PSone Review» Statistical ratings of PlayStation». Absolute-Playstation.com. Jelsoft Enterprises Ltd . Retrieved 9 June 2012 .
- «Rat Attack, All Review Articles». GameRankings. CBS Interactive Inc. Retrieved 9 June 2012 .
- «Rat Attack! N64 review score». Archived from the original on 2015-11-17.
- «Rat Attack! PS1 review score». Archived from the original on 2015-10-19.
- Span Bennet. «Rat Attack: Review — PlayStation». Allgame. Rovi Corporation. Archived from the original on November 16, 2014 . Retrieved 9 June 2012 .
- Max Everingham (4 September 1999). «Rat Attack: Review — PlayStation». IGN. IGN Entertainment, Inc . Retrieved 9 June 2012 .
External links Edit
- The official «Rat Attack» website. Sony Computer Entertainment Europe. (Archived on the Wayback Machine)
- Rat Attack at MobyGames
- Rat Attack! at GameSpot
- Rat Attack! game review at IGN
- Rat Attack! Nintendo 64 Review, FAQ & Information at Video Game Faq
The Dangers of Rat Poison to Dogs and Cats
As the weather gets colder, mice and rats start seeking shelter in warm locations… in other words, your house! Unfortunately, the start of autumn means the start of mouse and rat poisoning, putting your dog or cat at risk.
In today’s blog, we’ll talk about the 4 different types of active ingredients found in these mouse and rat poisons. These poisons all work (and kill) in different ways, so pay heed!
While the most common type of mouse poison (e.g., brodifacoum, bromadiolone, etc.) often affects your dog’s ability to clot properly, new EPA mandates by the government are reducing the availability of this specific type of poison (called an anticoagulant rodenticide or “ACR”). Unfortunately, this means that newer, different types of poisons are cropping up. Not even all veterinarians are aware of these newer active ingredients!
Depending on what type of mouse and rat poison was ingested, clinical signs can vary. When in doubt, please don’t use these poisons around your house if you have pets. I’m never an advocate of using these types of poisons, as they pose a threat to wildlife, pets, and birds of prey (e.g., raptors like red-tail hawks, owls, etc.). I’d rather you use the more human snap trap – much safer to you and your pet!
Anticoagulant rodenticides (ACR)
These ACRs inhibit the production of Vitamin-K dependent blood clotting factors (made in the liver), so when ingested in toxic amounts by dogs or cats, it can result internal bleeding. Thankfully, there’s an antidote for this type of mouse and rat poison: Vitamin K1, a prescription medication readily available at your veterinarian. With ACR poisoning, clinical signs don’t take affect for 3-5 days. However, left untreated, ACR poisoning can be fatal. Signs to look out for include:
- Difficulty breathing
- Pale gums
- Coughing (especially of blood)
- Vomiting (with blood)
- Bloody nose
- Swelling or bumps on the skin (e.g., hematomas)
- Bleeding from the gums
Treatment includes decontamination, Vitamin K1 orally (typically for 30 days), blood transfusions, plasma transfusions, oxygen, and supportive care.
Cholecalciferol (Vitamin D3)
As an emergency critical care veterinary specialist, this is my most hated type of poisoning. Only a small amount can result in severe poisoning in both dogs and cats. This type of mouse and rat poison results in an increased amount of calcium in the body, leading to kidney failure. Unfortunately, this type has no antidote, and is very expensive to treat, as pets typically need to be hospitalized for 3-7 days on aggressive therapy. Clinical signs include:
- Decreased or increased thirst/urination
- Kidney failure
- Weight loss
Treatment includes aggressive IV fluids to flush the calcium and kidney poisons out, medications to help decrease the body’s calcium level (e.g., pamidronate, calcitonin, steroids, diuretics), and frequent blood work monitoring.
While this type of mouse and rat poison sounds like some ACR types (e.g., bromadiolone, brodifacoum), it’s totally unrelated to clotting and is not treated with Vitamin K. This is a mouse and rat poison doesn’t have an antidote, and works causing brain swelling (e.g., cerebral edema). Clinical signs include:
- Lethargy or anxiety
- Walking drunk
Treatment includes inducing vomiting, administering activated charcoal, IV fluids, anti-seizure medication, muscle relaxants, and supportive care.
While this type of poison is less common, you should care, as it’s potentially poisonous to you, your family, and your veterinary staff! Phosphides are typically used to kill slightly bigger creatures like moles and gophers (and is less commonly used as an active ingredient in mouse or rat poisons). When ingested, the phosphides product a toxic gas in the stomach called phosphine gas. Clinical signs include:
- Gastric-dilatation volvulus
- Difficulty breathing
Treatment includes not feeding your dog (no milk, bread or other “anti-poison home remedies”). That’s because if there’s food in the stomach, it actually makes the poisoning worse and results in more phosphine gas production. This same gas is poisonous to humans too, so make sure you don’t inhale the gas. In other words, if you’re driving to your veterinary clinic and your dog vomits at home or in the car, make sure to ventilate the area well (e.g., open the windows, turn on the air conditioner in the car, etc.). Likewise, when the veterinary staff induces vomiting in dogs ingesting phosphides, they should do so outside or in a well-ventilated area. Treatment includes anti-vomiting medication, antacids, IV fluids, and supportive care.
If you’re not scared off by mouse and rat poisons now, your dog’s in trouble! When in doubt, keep all mouse and rat poisons out of reach of your family, children, and pets. If accidentally ingested, contact your veterinarian immediately to find out how to treat it. With aggressive treatment, the prognosis is fair to excellent, depending on what type of poison they got into. As with most poisons, the sooner you identify the poisoning, the sooner you treat it, the less problems for your pet (and the less cost to you!).
If you have any questions or concerns, you should always visit or call your veterinarian – they are your best resource to ensure the health and well-being of your pets.