What is the 2 strongest big cat?
List of largest cats
This list of largest cats shows the 10 largest extant Felidae species, ordered by maximum reported weight and size of wild individuals on record. The list does not contain cat hybrids, such as the liger or tigon.
List [ edit ]
Following list contains size (weight and length) measurements for wild adult males of each species:
|Rank||Common name||Scientific name||Image||Weight range (kg)||Maximum weight (kg)||Length range (m)||Maximum length (m) [a]||Shoulder height (cm)||Native range by continent(s)||Range map|
|1||Tiger||Panthera tigris||90–258 ||387.8 (in the wild, scales not verified, not accepted in scientific articles) ||2.3-3.0 ||3.38 ||70-110 ||Asia|
|2||Lion||Panthera leo||160–240 [b]||313 (in the wild;   scales verified)  [c]||2.7-3.5 ||3.875  ||90-135 ||Africa, Asia, formerly Europe and America|
|3||Jaguar||Panthera onca||56–125||158  ||1.8-2.7 ||2.8 ||68-80 ||North and South America|
|4||Cougar||Puma concolor||36–105||125.2 ||1.5-2.4 ||2.8 ||53-88 ||North and South America|
|5||Leopard||Panthera pardus||30–80||96 ||1.6-2.3 ||2.75  ||44-78 ||Africa, Europe and Asia|
|6||Cheetah||Acinonyx jubatus||25-65||75 ||1.5-2.3 ||2.5   ||77-94cm ||Africa, Asia|
|7||Snow leopard||Panthera uncia||22–55||75  ||1.6-2.1 ||2.5  ||60-66 ||Asia|
|8||Eurasian lynx||Lynx lynx||15–30||38 ||80-1.3 ||1.5  ||60-71 ||Asia, Europe|
|9||Sunda clouded leopard||Neofelis diardi||12–26||26||1.3-1.6 ||1.9 ||40-52 ||Asia|
|10||Clouded leopard||Neofelis nebulosa||11.5–23||23||1.2-1.6 ||1.9 ||46-56 ||Asia|
Explanatory notes [ edit ]
- ^ This refers to the length including the tail. Note that lengths given as «between the pegs» generally include the tail.
- ^ 240 kg (411.3–575.0 lb) in Southern Africa, 175 kg-205 kg(386 lb-565 lb) in East Africa, 160–190 kg (350–420 lb) in India 
- ^ The largest known lion measured 3.35 m (11.0 ft). An exceptionally heavy male lion near Mount Kenya weighed 272 kg (600 lb). The longest wild lion reportedly was a male shot near Mucusso National Park in southern Angola
References [ edit ]
- ^ Mazak, Vratislav (8 May 1981). «Panthera tigris». Mammalian Species (152): 1–8. doi: 10.2307/3504004 . JSTOR3504004.
- ^ Wood, G. L. (1983). The Guinness Book of Animal Facts and Feats. Sterling Publishing.
- «All About Tigers-Physical Characteristics». seaworld.org.
- Heptner, V. G. (1989). Mammals of the Soviet Union, Volume 2 Part 2 Carnivora (Hyenas and Cats). ISBN9004088768 .
- «Siberian Tiger Dimensions». dimensions.com.
- Smuts, G. L.; Robinson, G. A.; Whyte, I. J. (2009). «Comparative growth of wild male and female lions (Panthera led)». Journal of Zoology. 190 (3): 365–373. Bibcode:2010JZoo..281..263G. doi:10.1111/j.1469-7998.1980.tb01433.x.
- Wood, G. L. (1976). The Guinness Book of Animal Facts and Feats. Guinness Superlatives. ISBN978-0-900424-60-1 .
- ^ ab
- Wood, G. L. (1983). The Guinness Book of Animal Facts and Feats . Sterling Publishing. ISBN978-0-85112-235-9 .
- «East African Business Digest», University Press of Africa, with contributions from the Kenya National Chamber of Commerce & Industry, 1963 , retrieved 2018-03-18
- «African Lion Facts». zsl.org.
- «How long is the longest lion?». amazing-animals-planet.com.
- «African Lion». dimensions.com.
- ^ ab
- Nowak, Ronald M. (1999). «Carnivora, Felidae». Walker’s Mammals of the World. Vol. 2. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 797–836. ISBN0-8018-5789-9 .
- ^ ab
- Burnie, David; Wilson, Don E. (2001). Animal: The Definitive Visual Guide to the World’s Wildlife. New York City: Dorling Kindersley. ISBN0-7894-7764-5 .
- «Jaguar». animalcorner.org.
- «Jaguar». dinoanimals.com.
- «Jaguar dimensions». dimensions.com.
- Hornocker, Maurice; Negri, Sharon (2009-12-15). Cougar: Ecology and Conservation. University of Chicago Press. p. 18. ISBN978-0-226-35347-0 .
- «Cougar». bigcatswildcats.com.
- Hornocker, Maurice (2010). Cougar: Ecology and Conservation. University of Chicago Press. ISBN978-0-2263-5344-9 .
- «Cougar dimensions». dimensions.com.
- «Leopard». awf.org.
- Pease, A. E. (1913). «Of dangerous game». The Book of the Lion. London: John Murray. pp. 46–68.
- Brain, C. K. (1983). The Hunter or the Hunted: An Introduction to African Cave Taphonomy. University of Chicago Press. ISBN978-0-226-07090-2 .
- «Leopard Facts». bigcatrescue.org. 5 May 2019.
- Mary Fitzpatrick (2010). Tanzania. Lonely Planet. ISBN9781742203843 . Retrieved 17 January 2016 .
- «All About The Cheetah». seaworld.org.
- «27 Interesting Cheetah Facts». newinterestingfacts.com. 31 January 2017. Cheetah’s tails can be nearly 3 feet long, or over 80cm long. Taking these measurements together makes some cheetahs nearly 8 feet long, or over 230cm long, from their nose to the tip of their tail
- «About Cheetahs». cheetah.org. They can measure from 40 to 60 inches in length, measured from the head to the hind quarters. The tail can add a further 24 to 32 inches bringing the total overall length up to 7.5 feet.
- «Cheetah». discoverwildlife.com.
- «Cheetah facts». bigcatrescue.org. 12 March 2016.
- ^ ab
- Boitani, Luigi (1984). Guide to Mammals. Simon & Schuster / Touchstone Books. ISBN978-0-671-42805-1 .
- ^ ab
- Hemmer, H. (1972). «Uncia uncia«. Mammalian Species (20): 1–5. doi:10.2307/3503882. JSTOR3503882.
- «Snow Leopard Facts». thoughtcoc.com.
- «Snow Leopard Fact Sheet». pbs.org.
- «Lynx and Bobcat». SanDiegoZoo.org. San Diego Zoo Global.
- «Eurasian Lynx». wildcatconservation.org. 21 December 2012.
- Page, Amanda; Kirkpatrick, Win; Massam, Marion (January 2008). Risk Assessment for Australia – Eurasian Lynx (Lynx lynx). Government of Western Australia: Department of Agriculture and Food. pp. 1–18.
- «Eurasian lynx». britannica.com.
- «Neofelis diardi». animaldiversity.org.
- «Sunda Clouded Leopard». wildcatconservation.org. 21 December 2012.
- «Sunda clouded leopard». wildcatconservation.org. 21 December 2012.
- «Clouded Leopard». animals.sandiegozoo.org.
- «Clouded Leopard». wildcatconservation.org. 21 December 2012.
- «Clouded Leopard dimensions». dimensions.com.
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6 Facts You Didn’t Know About Jaguars
‘He who kills with one leap” – the meaning of the Native American name for jaguars (‘yaguar’) already serves as a pretty good introduction to the world’s third largest wild cat. Jaguars are capable of tackling the biggest predators of their home range in South America.
Did you know that the ‘Panthera onca’ was originally home to the southwest US all the way to northern Argentina? However, today’s jaguar population has drastically decreased by 40%, mainly due to deforestation. Most of the remaining population nowadays is based near the Amazon River basin in South America. But that’s not all! Read our facts about jaguars below to learn more about these spotty predators.
1. They’re excellent swimmers
It’s common knowledge that cats usually avoid water as best they can. This does not apply to jaguars! The patterned wild cats are actually excellent swimmers and always stay close to water bodies such as rivers and lakes. Jaguars have successfully adapated to wet environments and have no problem with crossing large rivers, which definitely serves as an advantage when hunting prey.
2. Don’t mess with them – Jaguars have the strongest bite of all wild cats
Talking about hunting prey, jaguars are opportunistic hunters – and not picky ones either! Their meal plan is extensive, and on the list are all kinds of prey they come across ranging from capybaras and monkeys to tortoises and caimans. Even the tapir, South America’s largest animal, is not safe from these both diurnal and nocturnal hunters! In fact, jaguars have the strongest jaw of all big cats. Their powerful teeth enable them to take down massive prey with a bite straight through the skull. While jaguars mostly hunt on the ground, they can also climb trees and were seen jumping on their prey!
3. 101 – How to tell jaguars and leopards apart
Jaguar or leopard? People commonly have trouble distinguishing between these two rather similar wild cats. However, the differences are easy to name, the main one being their circular markings. Jaguars have black spots in most of the fragmented rosettes covering their strong bodies, whereas leopards don’t. On top of that, jaguars have a stockier build with bigger heads and shorter legs than leopards.
If you’re still unsure if you’re encountering a leopard or a jaguar, check which continent you’re on! While jaguars are based in South America, wild leopards can only be found in Africa and Asia.
4. Saw or jaguar?
Thanks to an elastic ligament behind their nose and mouth, jaguars don’t purr like domestic cats but are actually able to roar. Both males and females roar (even though the males’ roar is usually louder), which helps to bring them together during mating season. The jaguar’s typical call is also often referred to as ‘saw’ since it sounds like someone sawing a piece of wood in one direction only.
5. The black sheep of the Amazon
Did you know there are black jaguars? About 10% of the jaguar’s population has a melanistic coat with nearly invisible black spots due to a single dominant allele in the jaguar’s evolution. These plack jaguars mainly appear in Costa Rica. While scientists are still not too sure about the reason behind it, they assume this mutation happened due to camouflage advantages.
6. Conversation status: Near threatened
As mentioned earlier, the jaguars have dramatically declined in population, especially in recent years as a result of deforestation for cattle ranching and logging. By now, the conversation status of the big cats is near threatened as half of them have been eliminated from their historic territory. Since 2016, jaguars are listed on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Deforestation, poaching, and loss of wild prey are the major human-caused threats for jaguars, resulting in drastically shrinking territories. According to WWF, this has led to the little remaining global population of estimated 173.000 jaguars.
With this even share of fun and serious facts about jaguars, we hope to have contributed to your daily dose of new knowledge. If you are interested in learning more about South America’s wildlife, check out our website.
Keen on visiting South America and discovering its biodiversity from up close? Have a look at the tours we offer!
Top 10 Strongest Cats
The tiger is the strongest and largest member of the big cat family, with powerful jaws, sharp teeth, muscular legs, sharp claws, and strong survival skills.
The liger, a hybrid of a male lion and female tiger, is the largest big cat with the strength of a lion and size/speed of a tiger, but males are sterile, and it doesn’t occur naturally in the wild.
The lion is the second largest and strongest member of the big cat family, with a bite force of 650 psi, and is known for its pack hunting behavior and powerful roar, which can be heard up to 5 miles away.
The jaguar is the strongest wild cat in terms of its jaws, with a bite force of 2,000psi, which can break turtle shells, pierce the skin and skull of cayman, and drag the alligatorid out of the water and onto land.
The leopard, a living member of the Panthera genus, is the strongest wild cat in terms of climbing ability and fighting skills, with a powerful bite force and greater agility than larger, stronger opponents.
The cougar, fourth largest cat in the world, is an ambush predator and lacks the specialized larynx for roaring.
7. Maine Coon
The Maine Coon is America’s cat, known for its size, muscular build, expert vermin hunting ability, and hardy constitution adapted for harsh, cold weather.
8. Norwegian Forest Cat
The Norwegian Forest Cat is a muscular breed with fast reflexes and a heavy coat, found in Norwegian forests and possibly used as mousers for Vikings.
The Bengal, an exotic hybrid, is the most powerful cat in terms of stamina and physical strength due to its ancestry, and requires a lot of exercise to burn off energy.
The Chausie, a hybrid between wild jungle cats and domestic cats, is a strong cat breed that enjoys water and has high physical strength, with the second generation having the most strength.