Why do they soap dogs before fights?
Veterinary Division — Animal Health Programs
Warning: There is Rabies Within City Limits in Some Areas in North Carolina.
What is rabies? Rabies is a viral disease that affects the nervous system of mammals. In the last stages of the disease, the virus moves from the brain into the salivary glands and saliva. From there the virus can be transmitted through a bite or by contact with mucous membranes (nose, mouth, and eyes). The incubation period for the disease is variable: between 2 weeks and 6 months. Rabies is almost always fatal once symptoms occur. Changes in behavior are common in rabid animals: nocturnal animals are seen during the day, animals are not afraid from humans, become aggressive, attack other animals or people without provocation, may have paralysis of the limbs or throat, or just lay down.
Who can get rabies? Any mammal can get rabies, including humans, dogs, cats, cows, and horses. In North America, raccoons, bats, skunks, foxes, and coyotes, are the animals most commonly diagnosed with rabies. However, in Mexico and other Latin and Central American countries, dogs are the common carrier of rabies. Other mammals also get rabies.
How can I protect my animals and myself? The best protection against rabies is vaccination of pets and avoidance of risk. Vaccination of dogs and cats is required by law. Keep your pets indoors and maintain the vaccinations current. Consult your veterinarian about vaccination or farm animals. If your dog or cat fights with a raccoon or any other rabies carrier, saliva with the virus could be present in the wound or in the coat of your pet. Handle your pet with care: cover the pet with a towel, use gloves to handle the animal, minimize the number of people handling the pet, call animal control, and take your pet to the veterinarian. Do not feed or attract wild life to your yard, or try to capture wildlife. Call animal control or animal damage control personnel, if you suspect that there is a rabid animal in your yard. Animal controllers are trained and equipped to deal with rabid animals. Do not allow bats to live in your house attic or chimney. Remember: bats carry rabies. Although humans can be vaccinated for rabies, this is mostly done for people in high risk groups, such as veterinarians and animal controllers. However, if you are interested in vaccination, consult your physician. If you hunt, use gloves while skinning animals in particular while handling nervous tissue or organs (spine and brain for example). Avoid picking up dead or abandoned animals, and do not capture or eat animals that do not look or act normal.
What should I do if my pet gets bitten by a rabid animal? If your pet is bitten or scratched by another animal (domestic or wild), call animal control or the county health department immediately. Do not attempt to capture the attacking animal yourself. If your pet has a current rabies vaccination, a booster must be done within 5 days of the incident (in the US). If the attacking animal is captured, the brain will be tested for rabies. If your pet is not vaccinated, and the attacking animal was rabid, your pet may be disposed of as required by law. If your pet is vaccinated but has not received the booster within 5 days of the incident, unless the attacking animal tests negative, your pet will be quarantined for 6 months or disposed of by animal control. You are responsible for the cost of the quarantine and this must be done at a veterinarian’s clinic. All dogs or cats that bite a person will be quarantined for 10 days.
What should I do if I am exposed to rabies? If you are bitten or scratched by a suspect rabid animal, or saliva from the animal enters an open wound, or becomes in contact with your nose, mouth, or eyes, wash the wound or contact area with soap and water, call your physician or the health department and get medical attention immediately. Remember, rabies is a fatal disease. Post-exposure prophylaxis should be started soon after the exposure. The treatment, when needed, consists of injections of rabies immune globulin on the first day and 5 vaccine doses in the arm over a 28 day period.
This fact sheet was developed by Dr. Maria Correa-Prisant, Public Health Epidemiology, 4700 Hillsborough St., College of Veterinary Medicine, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27606. Parts of this fact sheet were adapted from material provided by the State of New York Department of Health. This fact sheet was reviewed by Dr. Lee Hunter, North Carolina State Public Health Veterinarian.
March 1997, version 1 This material was developed as information only to best of the authors’ knowledge. The authors are not responsible for disease or harm resulting from the use of the information in this fact sheet.
All Due Respect (The Wire)
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2nd episode of the 3rd season of The Wire
Plot [ edit ]
McNulty visits medical examiner Randall Frazier, skeptical that D’Angelo Barksdale’s death in prison was a suicide. Frazier reports that D’Angelo’s death could have been a homicide, citing bruises on his neck and back. McNulty visits D’Angelo’s ex-girlfriend Donette, who doesn’t tell him anything. Meanwhile, Cheese executes his dog when it loses in a dogfight. Soon afterwards, Tree, a drug dealer attending the dogfight, approaches and kills another dealer named Jelly. The MCU hears chatter about the murder over the wire, assuming a gang war has erupted. Daniels and the Major Case Unit want to make arrests for the murders, but McNulty argues that they should gather more evidence in the hope of ultimately bringing down Bell. The unit arrests Cheese’s crew. Under questioning, Cheese admits to killing his dog — not a person as the detectives assumed — meaning he can’t be charged. The following day, the MCU finds that their wiretaps have gone dead. While patrolling the Western, Herc and Carver pick up Poot. Herc, Carver and Kenneth Dozerman go to the movies with their girlfriends, where they are mortified to bump into Poot, Bodie, and Puddin with their dates. Later, Dozerman is shot and wounded while undercover, and his gun is stolen. The next day, Colvin tells his men that he is suspending all undercover narcotics work, likening the War on Drugs to Prohibition. Back out on the street, Herc cannot understand Colvin’s reasoning. Omar and his crew stick up Shamrock and Country while they collect money for a drug resupply. Bell visits Avon in prison and reveals his plan to supply other dealers. Avon asks Bell to target specific high turnover areas, but Bell expresses reluctance to use violence to maintain their street cred. Country, Shamrock and Bodie are sent to talk to mid-level dealers to try to displace their suppliers. Bodie is tasked with approaching Marlo, but is unable to find him; Marlo instructs his corner boss Fruit to ignore Bodie and go back to work. At the funeral home, Bell sends Bodie out to look for Marlo again and learns of Omar’s robbery. Marlo meets with Vinson, who advises him to prepare for war if he doesn’t compromise with the Barksdales.
Production [ edit ]
Title Reference [ edit ]
The phrase «all due respect» is used by many different characters in this episode, but the context in which it would be used is what is notable. Characters who would say it are involved in different institutions followed in The Wire, but the phrase (as expected) would precede a criticism for how those institutions are run. For example, in the previous episode, Bunny Colvin could have used it in his criticism of Rawls’ encouragement of employing stat-juking tactics, even with homicides, asking him «how do you make a body disappear?». Similarly, in the scene where the Major Case Unit members are having lunch, McNulty could have used it when he was arguing to Daniels that they should keep going after Stringer Bell while everyone else (Daniels, Pearlman, Freamon, and Greggs) is in agreement that they should give up the wiretap and make arrests to close the homicide cases in the hope that someone will give up someone else a level above them in the drug organizations. The fact that the homicide case they try to lay on Cheese (through the use of the wiretap) does not work is a kind of validation of McNulty’s argument, in spite of the fact that he has become obsessed with proving himself against Stringer Bell (in the previous episode he said «We’re gonna let that same son of a bitch beat me again?», referencing Stringer). Interestingly, the first time we actually hear the phrase used (in the opening scene), it is directed at Omar Little and is said by a drug dealer he is in the process of robbing. It could not be imagined that Omar Little would be the one using the phrase in an institutional context because, as a gun-toting rogue, he does not subscribe to any kind of institution and acts as a free agent, but the reason this moment is included could be construed as a subtle indication that Omar’s relationship with drug dealers in Baltimore has effectively created its own institution: they get drugs and drug money, and he robs them of it all. To circle back to McNulty’s argument with Daniels and the MCU, this idea of new institutions being created can also apply; the end of season two saw the creation of the unit and now there is already an established status quo with McNulty still being the rebel within a unit that was effectively designed to be a departure from the normal, completely dysfunctional police units. This is also established in the previous episode when McNulty protests Daniels’ and Pearlman’s decision to close the wiretap and Freamon admonishes him, saying «It’s you against the world, is it?» and is further elaborated on in the later episode «Hamsterdam» when Freamon and McNulty argue about chain of command and who the unit should be targeting. Beyond these above listings where «all due respect» is never said, another intriguing moment happens when we would expect that it would be fitting for a character to say the phrase but their subsequent behavior subverts this expectation. When Stringer Bell calls a meeting that Bodie and others attend, Stringer chastises Bodie for temporarily abandoning his search for Marlo Stanfield to attend the meeting. Bodie is rendered upset at Bell’s disappointment but, after a moment, notably does not protest; he simply walks away to resume his search, following Stringer’s order. In the larger context of Bodie’s character arc, his compliance is important in showing him to still be firmly embedded and comfortable with being in the drug trade (as shown later in this season during a house party that Cutty also attends). However, his being upset with Stringer is an indication that, while he may not have acquired it quite yet, he will eventually cultivate the same rebellious spirit shared by D’Angelo Barksdale, who was often at odds with Stringer. The fact that D’Angelo tragically wound up dead (at Stringer’s behest, no less) further indicates that Bodie will likely share a similar fate if he stays in the drug trade.
Epigraph [ edit ]
There’s never been a paper bag
Colvin makes the comment «There’s never been a paper bag for drugs» near the end of the episode to his precinct officers, leaving Herc utterly dumbfounded and Carver deeply contemplative. The statement refers to the practice of using paper bags to hide alcoholic beverages from any observing law enforcement. Colvin explains that when the consumption of alcoholic beverages in public places became illegal, a dilemma was created; public places such as street corners were, as Colvin puts it, «the poor man’s lounge» i.e. a gathering place where lower-income or impoverished individuals could find a sense of community or solidarity, and if police were to roll by, they would be obligated to arrest anyone drinking on the corner or risk losing any appearance of authority they had left. The compromise was to hide the alcohol in a paper bag (which Colvin calls a moment of genius), allowing the poor to drink where they wanted to drink at only the additional cost of a cheap paper bag while simultaneously allowing the police to look the other way while saving face. Colvin also points out that if the police had continued to arrest every poor person on the corner who was drinking, there would be no time or resources available to do actual police work; the irony (which he understands all too well) is that police work is currently not being done as a result of the War on Drugs. This irony is alluded to in season two, which focuses on a smuggling ring only tangentially involving drugs, where Herc genuinely asks if there is any kind of crime in Baltimore not involving drugs. Herc’s being confused by Colvin’s speech points to the fact that Herc cannot truly identify as a police officer, but is instead a soldier fighting the War on Drugs. Carver’s quiet reflection at the end of this episode, however, is the start of his major transition away from the soldier mindset he, up to this point, has shared with Herc. Going forward from this point on, Carver becomes a more and more compassionate person and better police officer, helping Colvin throughout this season and going out of his way to try and do right by Randy Wagstaff. The subtext in Colvin’s speech reads that prohibitive rules with regard to commodities such as alcohol and drugs are completely ineffective and only serve to empower and enrich criminals by creating a market for these now-illicit substances (Boardwalk Empire also understood this) and do harm to those who would use those substances (by way of mass incarceration, widespread poverty, and a whole myriad of other problems explored in The Wire). Colvin’s comment alludes to the fact that the utterly uncompromising drug enforcement laws of America (as well as some other nations, such as Sweden) are the source of many of these issues, and his (decidedly hare-brained) scheme to legalize the drug market in his district as seen in later episodes is an attempt at a compromise that is undercut by it not being sanctioned and his needing to keep it secret. It is clear that Colvin understands that drugs, like alcohol, ruin lives and that they should be avoided and definitely not sold, but his commitment to seeing the drug problem not as a war to be fought with brutality but as a public health crisis to be addressed with compassion and mercy is a stance founded not on misguided and poorly-considered laws, but on morality and humanity. It is this humanity within Colvin that forms the crux of his character and will continue to inform his actions into the next season. The previous episode ended with Colvin coming face to face with the drug problem of Baltimore and realizing he is so ineffective as a police officer that dealers on the corner allow a younger dealer who cannot tell Colvin is police to offer to sell Colvin drugs. Following up on this realization, «All Due Respect» has a moment where he is speaking about his inability to make a difference in the world around him to The Deacon (played by real-life reformed drug kingpin Melvin Williams), who comments on the futility of fighting a war on the drug trade: «That’s a force of nature, that’s sweeping leaves on a windy day, whoever the hell you are». Colvin’s «paper bag» speech shows the audience that he has taken these words to heart, and while this will spell doom for his career and legacy within the Baltimore Police Department, it will embolden him to continue trying to pick up where institutions and established systems fail. Hence, season four has him try to make a difference within the extremely poorly-thought out school and education system.
References [ edit ]
External links [ edit ]
- «All Due Respect» at HBO.com
- «All Due Respect» at IMDb
My Dog Was Bitten By Another Dog And Is Swelling – What To Do
Dog fights are a gnarly sight. As reality sets in and the fight is hopefully stopped quickly, it’s even more shocking when you spot an injury on your dog.
You’re probably here for advice on what to do if your dog has been bitten in the last few hours (or days if there’s a sign of infection).
So I’m not going to bore you with details such as brands of antibiotics or pain meds or how to prevent a dog bite in the future.
You need to make sure your dog is healthy and won’t succumb to an easily treatable wound right now.
There are a couple of things you can do right away and also a handful of signs that the wounds need immediate veterinary care.
My Dog Was Bitten By Another Dog And Is Swelling
If your dog was bitten by another dog and is swelling, visit an emergency vet to properly clean the wound, get stitches if needed, and prescribe antibiotics to prevent or treat infection.
The first step right after the incident is to check your dog’s whole body.
In case your dog has a very long or thick coat, just check your pet over quickly and leave the proper examination to the vet who might shave off fur where necessary.
Secondly, you can clean minor wounds with warm water, soap, and a washcloth, cotton ball, or gauze.
Severe wounds will probably be thoroughly cleaned by your vet too.
What your vet will do from there on depends on the severity, location, and how exactly the wound itself looks.
Minor injuries such as small puncture wounds might get cleaned and left open.
Both minor injuries and severe injuries that will be left open might require a topical antibiotic.
In rare cases, anesthesia might be required.
That usually happens with multiple extensive wounds or sensitive areas such as the ears, nose, eyes, or mouth.
If the skin is penetrated and the wound is deep, a broad-spectrum antibiotic may be prescribed.
Lacerations might require infected tissue to be cut away and sutured. Similarly, some wounds need to be opened and sutured up.
Small Puncture Wound on Dog
Don’t underestimate small puncture wounds or scrapes on your dog as the skin quickly closes over these and the bacteria might multiply and spread.
A small puncture wound needs to be thoroughly cleaned, possibly opened up further if there’s infected tissue, and perhaps treated with a topical antibiotic.
It’s best to have every small puncture wound checked out by a vet and cleaned properly (the same goes for all the humans involved).
How To Treat a Puncture Wound on a Dog At Home
You can clean a puncture wound on your dog at home by gently applying warm water and soap on your dog’s wound with a washcloth, cotton ball, or gauze.
However, while this is better than not removing any dirt and debris, it’s still better to just check in with your vet.
A puncture wound might close over quickly but the bacteria beneath the skin will multiply and cause an infection that can be life-threatening.
A dog cone might be required to avoid your dog repeatedly licking the area.
Dog Bite Infection On Dog
If your dog has been bitten and shows signs of an infection, immediately contact your vet to get the wound looked at and cleaned. Surgical closing of the bite wound or antibiotics might be required.
While it’s best to contact your vet right away no matter how the wound looks, you should definitely book an emergency trip to the vet if signs of infection develop.
Signs that the bite wound on your dog is infected include redness, tenderness, hot skin around the area, and oozing blood or yellow pus from the wound. If the infection has gotten bad other signs might include lethargy, weakness, disorientation, fever, and pale gums.
I know not all of these signs are clear-cut but if you keep an eye on the wound as well as your dog’s behavior, you should get a pretty good idea. When in doubt, go to your vet.
Veterinary attention is necessary to minimize the damage and avoid the spreading of bacteria.
What can happen if a bite infection on a dog is left untreated?
The bacteria can cause the following:
- Localized abscess
- Skin infection (cellulitis)
- Joint infection (septic arthritis)
- Bone infection (osteomyelitis)
- Pus in the chest cavity (pyothorax)
- Pus in the abdominal cavity (septic peritonitis)
Issues such as joint or bone infection as well as pus in the chest or abdominal cavity are relatively rare but a risk nonetheless.
A study of 50 infected dog bites, showed that in nearly 50% of the cases, there are one or more of these three leading bacteria present: Pasteurella, Streptococcus, Staphylococcus.
Bacteria such as Staphylococcus aureus are most commonly responsible for tissue, joint, and bone infection and have been found in 10% of total cases.
Another study of 135 healthy dogs in California also found this type of bacteria in 10% of the dogs.
My Dog Was Bitten By Another Dog But No Blood
If your dog was bitten but there’s no blood, it could still be a deep wound that just happened to miss the nearby blood vessels. Even small non-bleeding puncture wounds can lead to infection.
If you have a long-haired dog or one with a dark coat, wounds will be harder to locate.
With my black and tan Rottie, it’s difficult to spot injuries right away.
Wounds are not as apparent in dark and dense coats, brownish ticks vanish more easily, and even black nails are harder to cut.
Check your dog over thoroughly because some wounds might only drip really lightly or dry immediately around the wound’s fur.
Small puncture wounds are especially dangerous since they close over quickly, providing an ideal space for the bacteria to spread throughout the tissue.
In the future, it’s best to learn how to read canine body language to avoid any kind of bite happening again.
Your own two dogs are fighting and inflicting wounds on each other? Check out the linked article.
I also have a resource on how to break up dog fights.
That article goes a bit more into detail on the liability side as the other dog’s owner may be held liable for damages if a dog bite is treated or even swelling.
Stay safe and have any open wounds checked out by a vet just to be sure.
Don’t forget to take precautions to avoid this from happening again.
Precautions include leashing your dog, packing a dog repellent, or muzzling your own dog until you’ve properly re-socialized your furry companion.
Disclaimer: This blog post does not substitute veterinary attention and does not intend to do so. I am not a veterinarian or pet nutritionist. If your dog shows any sign of illness, call your vet.
I am the founder of PawLeaks where I share weekly tips on dog training and behavior. Sharing a passion for dogs and helping owners to solve problems through understanding canine behavior and modification is my number one goal.